Indian Mythology or Hindu Mythology
Indian Mythology which is very popularly known as Hindu Mythology is a collection of a number of mythological stories that tell us about the beliefs, traditions, cultures, philosophies, religion, and the way of life of the ancient past.
These stories could also be the history of the ancient past but narrated in beautiful and complex parables and stories. These stories are not just stories but have far deeper meanings and messages. These stories have been conveyed through text, images, and symbols. And sometimes the images convey more than the text. A modern research on communication reveals that the images and the videos have seven times more communication power than the simple text. The images, audios, and videos are more effective than the simple text.
I think the ancient people were very intelligent and were aware of this fact. All these ancient mythological stories are stories of people, kings, sages, and Gods. Some people always express doubt over these stories. There is always a doubt whether these stories are just stories or historical facts. There has always been skepticism as to whether these stories convey myths or convey a reality. There is a lot of difference between skepticism and mysticism. Skepticism means that I have a doubt about the mystery, and mysticism means that my doubt has been dissolved in the mystery. And this skepticism gives rise to two kinds of perceptions. One is that of a theist who believes that the mystery exists. And the other is that of an athiest who believes that the mystery does not exist. There is a third category and that category is that of a mystic. A mystic is one who has been completely dissolved in the myestery of the divine. And a last category is that of the master. And a master is one who has the mastery to bring his disciples closer to the mystery. And this mystery is possible only through the inquiry and knowledge of these symbols and metaphors. A symbol can be used as a metaphor to convey a far deeper meaning. All these stories could be symbolic and metaphoric expressions of conveying a deeper meaning of life. A symbol remains a symbol until the meaning behind the symbol is understood. A story remains a story until the meaning behind the story is understood. A myth simply remains a myth until the reality behind the myth is understood. Therefore, mythology can be an expression of eternal truth through symbols, stories, metaphors, mantras, and rituals. The same truth or reality may be hidden behind all these myths.
When the metaphor is understood rightly the truth is revealed. And when the metaphor is not understood rightly the truth remains as a myth. Therefore, a hidden truth could be a myth and an uncovered myth can be a truth. The Hindu Mythology is a rich heritage of these symbols and metaphors. The existential reality has the following four dimensions: Physical, Metaphysical, Metaphorical, and Spiritual. The objective scientists are interested in the first two dimensions, and the subjective scientists are interested in the last two dimensions. The whole existence is a division between the gross and the subtle. The whole existence is a division between the object and the subject. And mythology divides the human universe between Rakshsas, Danvas, Manvas, Rajas, Rishis, Devas, and Ishvara. There could be some more elements in between. It does not matter. And what matters is the division between the gross and the subtle. Let us try to explore all the possible dimensions of existence to know the reality as it is.